Brief 1: School Suspensions Associated with Future Juvenile Justice Contact

Prior school suspensions are associated with future juvenile justice contact, and once these students return to school, the chances of future suspensions are higher. This study seeks to understand the relationship between school suspensions and juvenile justice contact in the Houston Independent School District (HISD). Using matched student data with juvenile justice data from the Harris County Juvenile Probation Department (HCJPD), this study provides insight into how these forms of punishment operate.

Brief 2: The Timing of First School Suspension and Juvenile Justice Contact in the Houston Independent School District

The purpose of the second brief is to understand when students receive their first school suspension and first juvenile justice contact and how this varies by student characteristics. Understanding the timing of these events and whether variation exists is critical to creating equitable experiences for students because a suspension or juvenile justice contact in earlier grades can have lasting consequences in school or later in life. This study is important because while research finds students face obstacles after school suspensions and juvenile justice contact, there is little research exploring when these events occur.

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