Brookhaven National Laboratory 

Being at risk of confirming a negative stereotype about one's group, known as “stereotype threat,” can harm academic performance and contribute to achievement gaps among racial groups and between males and females in math. African American and Hispanic females experience the burden of both race and gender minority status, which has been linked to their underrepresentation in STEM fields: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. This report looks at the effectiveness of self-affirmation writing exercises designed to reduce stereotype threat.